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What are the most frequent problems that afflict our teeth?

CARIES
The caries is an infection of the hard tissues of the tooth, has an extremely slow and destructive course, triggered by the attack of some microorganisms that populate the oral cavity. It is a very common disease and it is estimated that it affects, at least once in life, about 90% of the world population. This disease more easily affects molars, premolars and upper incisors. The causes of its formation are endogenous (ie predisposing factors related to the individual patient: family history, salivary characteristics, etc.) and exogenous: an incorrect diet with excessive intake of drinks or sugary foods. More than anything, there is the stagnation of food, plaque and tartar due to an incorrect and scrupulous oral hygiene at home.

Progression of the disease
The dental caries softens the hard tissues of the teeth which, only afterwards, will be destroyed. Precisely, the carious process is the one and only dental infection able to soften enamel and dentin before spoiling them. We can distinguish the evolution of the carious process in four distinct phases:

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NB: The caries can not heal by itself: in fact, the dental tissues do not possess regenerative capacity.

SOLUTIONS
The only solution to remedy the cariogenic process is the removal of the carious tissue and the reconstruction of the tooth through a filling (or in cases involving the nerve structures of the tooth such as the III and IV, the devitalization). On the contrary, the secret to minimizing the onset lies in careful and constant prevention based on periodic checks and professional oral hygiene at the dentist every 6-12 months

GENGIVAL BLOOD
In most cases, bleeding gums are a clear sign of an ongoing inflammatory process (gingivitis). A symptom, this should not be underestimated, since it can evolve into a degenerative disease called periodontitis and, according to recent studies, increase cardiovascular risk. The root causes lie mostly in insufficient oral hygiene, which allows the plaque to settle along the collar of the teeth, ie in the area between the crown and the root, protected and “sealed” by the gingiva. In addition to bleeding, made evident by reddish traces in saliva, it is possible to notice a reddening of the gingival margin and an edematous swelling, soft to the touch, of the same.

SOLUTIONS

Treatment
The first thing to do in front of a gingival bleeding is to subject this symptom to the dentist’s attention. Once the causes of origin have been identified, he will be the one to recommend the most appropriate treatment. In acute inflammations it may recommend suitable mouthwashes, or alternatively a home remedy based on hydrogen peroxide stretched with natural water, to be used for oral rinses without ingesting (alternatively you can use simple salt water).

Prevention
The best way to prevent the appearance of gingival bleeding is proper oral hygiene, performed with a soft bristled toothbrush, flanked by slightly aggressive toothpaste and specific for bleeding gums.
In addition to correct brushing after each main meal, gingivitis prevention and its unpleasant consequences are based on the daily use of dental floss, on professional cleaning every six months and possibly on the use of oral irrigators to remove food residues. between the teeth and under the gums

ALITOSIS Halitosis
, synonymous with bad breath, is a condition characterized by the emission of unpleasant odors through the respiratory act. The causes are numerous but very often, halitosis reflects a local problem; decayed teeth or those with pyorrhoea, as well as poor oral hygiene, are often associated with halitosis.

Remedies for Halitosis
This unpleasant symptom is caused by the interdental stagnation of food residues degraded by plaque bacteria; a bad tooth, for example, can turn into a small tank of food debris, which like all decomposing organic substances produce bad smells. Fortunately, saliva and sips of water help to clean the teeth and the oral cavity, removing both food residues and bacteria; on the other hand, the nocturnal rest decreases the salivary flow and this explains, at least in part, why bad breath is particularly common when waking up and in smokers (smoking, in addition to containing substances that give the breath an unpleasant odor , promotes dry mouth).

To prevent and combat halitosis, careful oral hygiene is essential; only the scrupulous cleaning of the teeth with a brush, dental floss and abundant rinsing (possibly aromatized), ensures a deep removal of food residues, removing bad breath. This concept should be very clear to many people who attribute their halitosis to gastric problems (stomach acid, difficult digestions, etc.), without knowing that these disorders actually have a marginal or even nil role. Therefore, in the presence of halitosis, if gastric or intestinal diseases can be ruled out, it is important to go to the dentist to exclude unhealthy states of the oral cavity and possibly remedy it. In the absence of local

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